• Inspire a girl, inspire a nation: Community Builders

    This curriculum is designed around the principle that to “inspire a girl child is to inspire a nation.” In these sessions, teachers will inspire girls to see themselves as leaders and advocates of their own rights, as well as the rights of their fellow community members. The curriculum is centred around the idea that girls can identify the problems facing their communities, then design, plan, and implement community projects that create solutions to these problems. The curriculum has two modules, each module consists of 4-5 learning sessions that cover topics such as leadership, shared vision, effective communication, sexual violence protections, community resource identification, project planning, reproductive health, and literacy, among others.

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  • The Other War - Gang rape in Somaliland

    As chronic occurrences of conflicts over the past decades have left the Horn of Africa struggling with fragile state structures and nations’ tribal and ethnic affiliations opposed to states’ modern obligations, the report sheds light onto the interconnection between historical development, existing clan structures and Somaliland plural legal system, from a women's rights perspective. The report touches upon concepts of gerontocracy and gender assumptions influencing the lives of Somalilands' population and further highlights notions of gender relations and the frustration experienced by youth in terms of limitations of the traditional system and the weakness of modern statuary legal scheme.

    This paper outlines the challenges women and girls face on a day-to-day basis in Somaliland and highlights their systematic victimization, subordination and subjection to violence. In contrast to the intents of limiting women and girls’ opportunities and appearances however, women are aiming at capitalizing the small space and opportunities they’re gaining, leading to their engagement and presence in public life, as well as their demand for justice.

    SIHA wishes to dedicate this research to the countless victims of sexual violence in Somaliland and would like to thank them foremost for speaking out and their tireless contribution in trying to access justice.

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  • Third Class Citizens: Women and Citizenship in Sudan.

    Shedding light on the scope and nature of discriminative laws and practices women are facing in Sudan, this paper touches upon issues of gender discrimination in terms of citizenship and explores aspects of Sudan’s legal framework which aims at restricting, regulating and limiting women’s presence in the public sphere, despite the major contributions women are making to the economic sector of the country.

    The paper additionally outlines historical and political patterns of women’s rights in Sudan and presents insights on international regional and human rights commitments opposed to the existing domestic legislations and how these negatively impact on the equal citizenship of women in Sudan.The discriminative laws allowing the systematic alienation and disintegration of women in Sudan have led to a complex environment for women to exist, with a deeply rooted subordination based on a combination of militant interpretations of religion and patriarchal culture.

    Drawing on personal stories and experiences of marginalized women in Sudan, this paper sheds light on the inequalities affecting equal citizenship from a human rights perspective, highlighting issues of the tolerated impunity on cases of abuse.

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  • If the Tree Shakes......

    A booklet of drawings, proverbs and memorable messages in local Arabic language helps girls and women to protect themselves from the daily harassment, rape and physical violence during looting, which they are exposed to in IDP or refugee camps. A trainer on community based protection techniques, it is a must read for parents, traditional leaders, children, juveniles and teachers. Gathered from women in IDP camps the illustrations and advice reveals that violence against women committed during armed conflict continues inside the camps. The reader concludes that the protection of girls and women is a shared responsibility - as lifting blame from the victims and impunity from perpetrators is.

  • A Report to the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea

    This report provides narratives, gathered during formal and informal conversations and focus group discussions with Eritrean men and women who recently fled the country. It presents testimonies of mass migration of Eritreans through illegal and often undocumented channels, of Eritrea’s heavy-handed crack down on human rights work and civil society, lack of voter-centered approaches to selecting government leadership, dismal economic indicators and expanding poverty, overwhelming absence of basic social services, and continued militarization and ever-expanding spending on defense.
    The report discusses the disproportionate impact of the harsh conditions in Eritrea, along escape routes, in transit countries and within asylum countries to women and girls and makes very urgent recommendations for the Eritrean state, the International Human Rights Community, Asylum countries and the countries in the Horn of Africa region to act upon.

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  • Walking Through a Forest of Thorns

    To what extent have activists’ advocacy strategies influenced the improvement of gender equality and women’s wellbeing? Through analysis of methods adopted through decades of work, and revising the successes and failures from the advocacy work of five women civil society organizations within their dynamics, their visions and strategies for advocacy are reviewed. Considering the complex overall context and overwhelming challenges and issues of working in the Horn of Africa, the book facilitates a cross-view of experiences in North Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia. It explores elements to consider when planning advocacy campaigns in future, suggests leading questions, addressing research needs, potential future allies and where to best invest resources, trust and work.

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  • Reinforcing Community Activism and Intergenerational Bridges for Women’s Rights and Equality

    Four papers explore the gap between the women’s movement as a relevant political and social force empowering women to claim their rights, and its work on the ground in the complex political, cultural and social contexts of the four countries. Analysing obstacles for progress of the women’s movement, the guide discusses challenges such as the “NGOisation” of the women’s movement and elitism in organisations. The reader is lead to understand adverse effects, like the revival of obsolete traditions in the region and the retreat of communities from civil society actors, which are perceived as agents of the “international community”. Recommendations developed for practitioners and actors in the field help avoid divisions between women, such as the rift between grassroots women and the elites providing leadership in organisations, which impede the mobilization of masses when needed.

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  • Bread for Breadwinners

    A guide for grassroots organisations to awareness and action on women’s economic rights and their protection, and a source of practical ideas and tools for respective programming and projects in the two Sudans, presented to you in English and Arabic. Introducing the basics of small scale business, case studies and planning methods are provided with accessible tools for the formation of cooperatives and for training of women: tables of institutions active in microfinance along with formats, checklists and templates for bookkeeping, market assessment or cost-benefit calculation. This handbook informs about risks for women and promotes advocacy strategies.

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  • Letters from Eritrea

    Stories of Eritrean women reflect grave violations of human rights in their country and beyond. An autocratic government seeking to sustain military and political domination over a populace with diverse backgrounds, religions and ideologies, means numerous threats to the population. Fleeing out of fear of persecution or from the horrors during national service, the stories of nine women tell of the great risks they are exposed to and their experiences with traffickers who dehumanize them in every possible way including kidnapping, enslaving, sexual violence and organ harvesting. The abuse continues in first asylum countries like Sudan, also a country where women are subject to subordination and repression due to its regime’s ideology. The testimonies succeed in conveying harsh realities to face, and provide a personal insight into the struggles endured. A question emanates: where will the journey of violence and abuse of women end?

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  • Conflict Transformation and Social Peace in Post Conflict Era

    Developed with local groups from Blue Nile, White Nile, Red Sea and Bahr El Ghazal regions in the two Sudans, the manual draws from communities’ techniques and perceptions to prevention, and shares their local strategies for social peace. In three modules the reader is enabled to understand conflicts in details and is equipped with tools to face them. Theories are introduced and embedded into their context and consider gender aspects. Easily accessible charts and tables illustrate the characteristics and circumstances of conflicts: handouts for conflict analysis and mapping, for advocacy, lobbying and the formation of coalitions. Offering material to build key skills and tactics of conflict transformation, this trainer is an indispensable tool for organizations and individuals working in post conflict areas.

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