Building Inclusive Women’s Movements
Women human rights defenders (WHRD) and activists are the primary actors building the universality of women’s rights in the Horn countries and political entities. However, recently there is a growing realization that mounting tensions between the affirmation of the universality of rights and the need to create space for cultural differences and diversity is influencing the debate and limiting the effectiveness of WHRD. It is critical for women’s rights movements to embrace politics of inclusion and collective activism in resisting violations against women’s rights. SIHA sees potential for a huge reformist movement to emerge from the Horn of Africa with the right coordination and approaches, but the space of activism needs to open wider to reach and include the margins. This means ethnic, tribal, religious, class, and other marginalized women and girls whose voices are frequently excluded from what the Horn calls its women’s movement. SIHA’s research has revealed that in many countries around the Horn ethnic, clan, or tribal elites lead the women’s movement. The problem is that a movement that is dominated by women elites typically fails to connect with and mobilize broader constituencies of women around its agendas, even when those agendas are to their benefit, resulting in isolated and often polarized women’s groups. It is important to name this tension between women’s organizations and grassroots movements and to observe the slow cooperation, ownership, or ‘buy-in’ of the local community into women’s rights agendas.
SIHA will build capacity institutions and work with professionals to provide medical, legal, psychosocial, and other support to survivors and to build networks of supportive communities. SIHA is aiming to build sustainable support amongst survivors themselves, such as through the creation and expansion of VAWG survivor associations. Continue reading Walking through a Forest of Thorns and Guides on Community Activism in Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somaliland, The Other War- Gangrape in Somaliland for a detailed insight on SIHA’s efforts to fight violence against women and girls in the Horn of Africa.