Galmudug State of Somalia Outlaws Female Genital Mutilation, Marking a Historic Milestone

We, the undersigned Women’s Rights Organizations, and Women Human Rights Defenders are proud to celebrate and commend the Galmudug State of Somalia for its groundbreaking achievement of becoming the first Federal Member State in Somalia to pass legislation outlawing all forms of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).

This is an outstanding accomplishment, driven by the persistent efforts of women human rights activists and the commendable work of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs.

FGM represents one of the most severe violations of women and girls’ rights in Somalia. Despite the high risks of infection, severe bleeding, infertility, fistula, and even death, it remains heavily practiced, with approximately 99% of Somali girls and women being victims—more than in any other African country, according to UN Women

The legislation passed by Galmudug is a critical step towards protecting the health, rights, and dignity of girls and women, and sets a powerful precedent for other regions to follow.

We call upon the remaining Federal Member States and the Federal Government of Somalia to emulate Galmudug’s courageous stance and pass the draft anti-FGM Bill within their respective jurisdictions to ensure a unified, nationwide stance against this harmful practice.

The elimination of FGM is essential for the advancement of gender equality and the protection of human rights in Somalia. We urge all stakeholders, including policymakers, community leaders, and international partners, to support and implement these vigorous legal protections. 


  • Daryeel Human Rights Organization (DHRO)
  • Ifrah Foundation
  • Iniskoy Protection and Development Organization (IPDO)
  • Kalkaal Human Rights Development Organization (KHRDO)
  • NAGAAD Network
  • Somali Women and Child Care Association (SWCCA)
  • Somali Women Development Center (SWDC)
  • Somali Women Advocacy Association (SWAA)
  • Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA Network)
  • Voice of Somali Minority Women Organization (VOSOMWO)
  • Somali Awareness and Social Development Organization (SASDO)
  • Breaking Barriers Initiative (BBI)
  • Women Human Rights and Environmental Education Association, (WHEEA)