Four papers explore the gap between the women’s movement as a relevant political and social force empowering women to claim their rights, and its work on the ground in the complex political, cultural and social contexts of the four countries. Analysing obstacles for the progress of the women’s movement, the guide discusses challenges such as the “NGOisation” of the women’s movement and elitism in organizations. The reader is lead to understand adverse effects, like the revival of obsolete traditions in the region and the retreat of communities from civil society actors, which are perceived as agents of the “international community”. Recommendations developed for practitioners and actors in the field help avoid divisions between women, such as the rift between grassroots women and the elites providing leadership in organizations, which impede the mobilization of masses when needed.

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