In Sudan, SIHA’s work involves reducing Violence against Women and Girls, extending support to the women and girls in Darfur region, improving women’s access to sexual and reproductive health services, empowering women economically towards the realisation of their economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) and building inclusive women’s movements.
Following the 2019 revolution, Sudan continues to experience on-going armed conflicts in several states and the devastating effects of war in several regions of the country. The escalation of violence against women in the past 30 years or more in Sudan can largely be attributed to governance system failures and the progressive disintegration of the rule of law, as the Sudanese legal system, consisting of statutory and customary law, has largely failed to introduce effective remedies to address sexual violence. Additionally the Sudanese legal system has been heavily based on militant Islamic interpretations.
Many women suffer discrimination, arbitrary arrests and humiliating punishments lashed out after loose interpretations of the so-called Public Order Articles contained in the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act, the National Insecurity Act that allows for long detentions before allegations are laid against suspects. Participation in the promotion of human rights is especially fragile for women’s rights organizations due to the constant threats of closure, the ongoing conflict in Nuba and Darfur regions.
The level of criminalization of women by Sudanese legal institutions has seen a significant and worrying rise, with women in public spaces increasingly being perceived as problematic actors – their actions needing to be controlled and disciplined in line with the specific ideology of the ruling institution, which are principally based on militant interpretations of Islam.
Reducing Violence against Women and Girls
SIHA focuses on addressing the deeply rooted subordination of women, their alienation and marginalization based on an intersection between militant interpretations of religion and patriarchal culture all combined with current conflicts and cultural/ tribal disintegration, and the gradual escalation of sexual violence; SIHA works with youth raising their capacity on issues of gender, religion, race, ethnicity and peaceful co-existence.
Extending hands to the Women and girls in Darfur region
SIHA was one of the first organizations to work on GBV, protection and response in Darfur. Although the resources we continued to receive until the present times were relatively limited in comparison to other international and some of the national NGOs, SIHA has managed to sustain its work and gain the trust of the local community, while undertaking a unique mandate in terms of focusing on women and girls in an extremely complex situation.
One of our core interventions is supporting displaced women and girls. SIHA firmly believes that education and skills development of women and girls lies at the heart of achieving key human and women’s rights goals, and thus focuses across the region on implementing educational and awareness activities.
Improving women access to sexual and reproductive health services
Within this theme, SIHA has worked to create a functional network for all service provider organisations that are actively working on Sexual Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) and Sexual Gender Based Violence (SGBV) on a national and regional scale. Through this, it has been important to bring a number of different governmental and civil society institutions together, to communicate and collaborate.
Empowering women economically towards realization of economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR)
This sub-theme is aimed at empowering women and training them to work in sectors that are dominated by men through “Breaking Gender Stereotypes”. As of 2020, more than 100 young women have undergone capacity building in different non-traditional / stereotypical professions like carpentry, mechanics to mention a few. This has enabled these young women with different options in the market, rather than the traditional/stereotypical trades that women are expected to be in.
Building inclusive women’s movements
SIHA established Circles of knowledge that are aimed at addressing human rights and gender equality, with tools from within the Islamic religion traditions. In order to effectively build a platform from which to engage in efforts to challenge militant Islam, subsequently creating the space and strategies necessary to challenge exclusion and conflict created as a direct result of the spreading militant Islamic ideology.
- Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women’s Studies (BBSAWS)
- Sudan Organization for Research and Development (SORD)
- Sudan Development Association (SDA)
- Afkar Organization for Development and Research
- Sudan Popular Committee for Relief and Rehabilitation (SPCR)
- Um-Doreen Women’s Development and Childcare Association
- Diar Association for reconstruction and development
- Jedia organization for Motherhood and Childhood
- Sudanese Environmental Conservation Association
- Al-Elfa Charity Association
- Al-Khatim Adlan Centre for Enlightenment and Human Development (KACE)
- East Sudan Women Development Organization
- Nuba Women for Education and Development Association (NuWEDA)
- Mutawinat Benevolent Company
- Qaniniat Women Lawyers Association
- Aid Center for Advocacy and Legal Consultations
- Shorouq Cultural Forum
- Paralegal Association
- Madina Centre for Gender and Development
- Ryaheen Alsalam Organization for Women and Children
- Muna Renewable Energies
- Afaag Al- Mustagbal
- Sudan Members?
- Babiker Badri Scientific association for Women Studies (BBSAWS)
- Sudan Development Association (SDA )
- Diar for Rehabilitation and Development Association (DRDA)
- Sudanese Organization for Research and development (SORD)
- Hawa Organisation for Woman and Child Development
- Afkar Organisation for Development and Research
- Sudanese Popular Committee for Rehabilitation (SPCR)
- National Sudanese Women Association (NSWA)
- Society women Nubia for Education and Development (Nuwid)
- Zainab Organization for the development of women
- AlManar Women
- Uranus voluntary organization
- Women Association Um Durin development and care of children
- Aid Center For Advocacy and Legal Consultation (ACAL)
- Keyfh Association
- Yanabeia Elkhairat Association
- Self Help women group
- Environmentalist Society
- Sudanese Environment Conservation Society